Yoga is an ancient system of exercises and meditation. It originated in India and spread to other countries like China, Japan and the West. In the West, it has been adopted by different communities for its physical, mental, spiritual and social benefits.
Yoga is a holistic system of exercise and meditation that focuses on the body and mind. It is based on the belief that everything in this universe is interconnected and interdependent. Yoga postures are used to relax the body and bring about a state of deep peace and serenity.
Yoga is also believed to help in curing diseases such as arthritis, back pain, constipation, asthma, hypertension, insomnia, diabetes, etc.
Yoga is often practiced in a group, under the guidance of a teacher or guru. It can be done individually at home or in a yoga studio. There are many styles of yoga, each having its own set of postures and breathing techniques. The practice of yoga has become very popular over the last few years.
It helps in reducing stress and tension, improves blood circulation, strengthens the muscles and bones, increases the metabolism rate, relieves depression and anxiety, improves the memory and concentration, enhances creativity and self-expression, brings harmony to the mind and body, and increases energy levels.
The yoga poses are known as asanas. They are usually performed slowly with controlled breathing. The asanas should be practiced daily, preferably in the morning when the mind is fresh and the body relaxed. Yoga can be done either indoors or outdoors. There are different types of yoga classes, each focusing on different aspects of yoga.
Some of the most common yoga classes include:
1. Ashtanga Yoga – This is a form of Hatha Yoga which includes eight primary series of asanas.
2. Bikram Yoga – This is a form developed by Bikram Choudhury and involves the practice of 26 postures, each lasting from 90 seconds to two minutes, followed by a 90 second rest period.
3. Iyengar Yoga – This is a form focused on the alignment of the body. It is named after the Indian yoga master Krishnamacharya.
4. Kundalini Yoga – This is a system of practices that aims at awakening the kundalini (energy) within the body. It was created by Yogi Bhajan.
5. Vinyasa Yoga – This is a style of yoga that combines the postures of Hatha Yoga with the movements of Ashtanga Yoga.
6. Yoga Nidra – This is a form of meditation that is aimed at relaxing the mind. It is practiced in a reclining position.
7. Tantric Yoga – This is a form that aims at achieving a state of unity between the individual and the universe. It is considered a spiritual practice.